#23: Black History Month 2019 mit Boqor Bantu

#23: Black History Month mit Boqor Bantu

by The Healer Hip Hop | Podcast

Black History Month

Jedes Jahr im Februar wird in zahlreichen Ländern der Black History Month (BHM) gefeiert um die Geschichte Schwarzer Menschen in aller Welt zu würdigen. Diese Tradition geht auf das Jahr 1926 zurück, als der Historiker Carter G. Woodson eine Veranstaltungsreihe initiierte, um die breite Öffentlichkeit in den USA über Schwarze Geschichte und die kulturellen, wirtschaftlichen und gesellschaftlichen Leistungen der afro-amerikanischen Bevölkerung aufmerksam zu machen.

Auch in Deutschland wird BHM seit Anfang der 1990 vielen Städten von der Initiative Schwarze Menschen in Deutschland e.V. (ISD) organisiert.

Afro-Deutsche Geschichte

Wie schon in Podcast Episode #15, zum BHM UK im Oktober, habe ich mich auf ein Interview mit Boqor Bantu von  Geschichte Afrikas getroffen, um anhand von drei afro-deutschen Autobiografien über die Geschichte von Schwarzen Deutschen zu reden. Soulsänger Billheincock, der in seinen Liedern auch von seinen eigenen Erfahrungen als afrikanischer Deutscher erzählt, war so freundlich mir seinen passenden Song “Dealer” zur Verfügung zu stellen.

(Im Podcast habe ich von der Organisation “Über den Berg” erzählt. Der Verein heißt Mountain Activity Club und organisiert Trips in die Berge und über die Alpen für ehemalige Drogensüchtige.)

Londri Mingolo-Tite:

Allein in einer fremden Welt

Geboren und in den ersten Jahre beim Vater und der Oma im Kongo aufgewachsen, beschreibt Londri Mingolo-Tite seine Lebensgeschichte, erzählt von den unbeschwerten Kinderjahren im Kongo und wie er schließlich mit sieben Jahren von der Familie ganz allein ins Flugzeug gesetzt wird und über Umwegen nach Deutschland kommt. Er schildert den Kulturschock in dieser gänzlich anderen Mentalität. Er erzählt vom Alleinsein ohne Halt und Orientierung, ernüchtert von der harten Realität des Alltags in Deutschland und der schwierigen Integration.

Von den Problemen als ›schwarzer‹ Asylbewerber in Deutschland, den Verlockungen unserer ›weißen Welt‹, seinem Abrutschen in die Kriminalität, dem Großwerden in einem Heim der Jugendhilfe, bis zum Abschluss der Regelschule und dem Erlernen eines Berufes und dem Antritt einer Arbeitsstelle als Krankenpfleger in Trier.

Er beschreibt in harten Worten seine persönlichen Erfahrungen und seine Entwicklung vom Kind zum kleinkriminellen Gangster in Köln und Umland bis zum resozialisierten und integrierten ›Normalo‹ mit Frau und Tochter. Dieses Buch zeigt schonungslos und offen die Risiken der deutschen Asylpolitik, aber auch die Chancen und Ressourcen einer gelungenen Integration. Diese Geschichte ist real und wahr und brandaktuell.

Die Würde des Deutschen ist unantastbar.

Londri Mingolo-Tite

Hans J. Massaquoi:

Ein unaussprechlicher Titel

Als Sohn einer weißen Mutter und eines schwarzen Vaters wächst Hans-Jürgen Massaquoi in großbürgerlichen Verhältnissen in Hamburg auf. Doch eines Tages verlässt der Vater das Land. Hans-Jürgen und seine Mutter bleiben zurück und ziehen in ein Arbeiterviertel. Als die Nazis die Macht übernehmen, verändert sich ihr Leben grundlegend.

Hans J. Massaquoi beschreibt in seiner außergewöhnlichen Autobiographie seine Kindheit und Jugend zwischen 1926 und 1948 als einer der wenigen schwarzen Deutschen in diesem Land.

Theodor Michael:

Deutsch sein und schwarz dazu

Theodor Michaels Vater kam vor dem Ersten Weltkrieg aus Kamerun, damals deutsches »Schutz gebiet«, nach Deutschland und wurde wie andere Kolonialmigranten freundlich aufgenommen. Er heiratete eine Deutsche und gründete eine Familie. Doch schon während der Weimarer Republik fand man, Farbige sollten den Deutschen keine Arbeitsplätze mehr wegnehmen. Bald konnten sie nur noch in den sehr beliebten »Völkerschauen« unterkommen. In der Nazizeit wurden ihnen die deutschen Pässe entzogen. Nur als stumme Komparsen in den zahl reichen Kolonialfilmen waren sie noch gefragt.

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#15: Boqor Bantu zur Geschichte Afrikas – Black History Month Special

#15: Boqor Bantu zur Geschichte Afrikas

by The Healer Hip Hop | Podcast

 Oktober ist Black History Month im Vereinten Königreich und ich dachte mir, ich möchte auch in Deutschland mehr Wissen über afrikanische Geschichte und deren Auswirkungen auf unsere Gesellschaft heute verbreiten.

Dazu habe ich ein Interview mit Boqor Bantu aufgenommen, der regelmäßig auf IG über die Geschichte Afrikas postet. Er ist im Moment sogar selbst in Nairobi und hat sich extra für The Healer Hip Hop Zeit genommen.

Passend zum Thema läuft hier für euch das Album “Platz an der Sonne” von BSMG, welches ebenfalls Geschichte und Gegenwart Afrikas thematisiert.

 

Racism is like a Cadillac, they bring out a new model every year.

Malcolm X

Boqor Bantu’s dazugehörigen Artikel (auf Englisch) findet ihr in der Rubrik “The Healer“. Dort schreibt er über die Frage “Black History Month – Has Colonialism really ended?” Darüber hinaus haben wir im Podcast auch über die heutige Situation geredet, von der Flüchtlingskrise über unser westliches und oft falsches Bild von Afrika. Eine gute Doku, die unser Bild von Afrika gerade rückt findet ihr in der 6-teiligen Arte-Serie “Digital Africa“.

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Black History Month – Has colonialism really ended?

October is Black History Month in the UK and I want to help spread knowledge about both African history and present challenges. So I asked German-Kenyan Boqor Bantu, who regularly posts about African history on IG and Facebook, to write a guest post for The Healer Hip Hop…

 

Racism is like a Cadillac, they bring out a new model every year.

Malcolm X

 

The same somehow applies for colonialism. Africa is challenged with a new colonial invasion which is not less destructive and exploiting in its dimension than the colonialism of the 19th century. Britain’s Government and economy is still heavily involved in today’s Scramble for Africa.

How did the first colonial invasion in Africa start?

To figure that out you have to follow the financial interests of the British Empire. The British Empire first only had a few bases in West-Africa, which mainly served as Britain’s trading venue for cheap labour force for the colonies in America and the Caribbean – Millions of Africans were sold into slavery.
When slavery was abolished in 1807 by the Slave Trade Act, other interests in Africa arose. At first, safe ports were established along the African coast for the trade route to India, with the purpose to build outposts stretching from Egypt to South Africa. Then, the Brits started to do more and more explorations further into the African continent, resulting in the exploitation of African resources and the destruction of African societies. By the end of the 19th century, every European country wanted its own piece of Africa culminating in the Berlin Conference of 1884, known as the Scramble of Africa: European governments gathered together in Berlin and divided the African continent among themselves. Not one African representative was part of this Conference!
Britain got what we call today Egypt, Sudan, Gambia, Zimbabwe, a part of Somalia, Kenya, Sierra Leone, Uganda, South Africa, Botswana, Nigeria, Ghana, Malawi, Zimbabwe and Zambia – this meant power over 30% of the African people.

The British established three different kinds of rulership in its colonies:

  • Indirect rulership mainly in West-Africa (Europeans didn’t want to live there because of the extreme climate and diseases like Malaria) by favoring and supporting a specific minority over the other tribes living in that country. For example, in Nigeria they gave power to Fulanis to rule over the others or in Sudan to the Arab minority
  • In other countries a company rulership was established by giving land to British companies to administer it and the people living on it
  • The third version of rulership was the Settler Colonialism, which was the cruelest form of all because it sought to replace the original population with a new society of settlers. A large number of British settlers immigrating into mainly Southern African countries forced resettlements to make space for themselves. More severe effects were the rape of women, endless torture, murder, castration and concentration camps

With all this knowledge, it’s shocking that a poll from YouGov in 2016 shows that 44% of the British people are proud of their colonial past.

After their fights for independence, all African countries are free from British rule now, aren’t they?

A new wave of colonialism is flooding Africa these days and it is driven by the plundering and exploiting of natural resources like gold, platinum, diamonds, oil, cupper, silver, coltan, cobalt, and many more. More than 100 mainly British companies are listed on the London Stock market, which have mining activities going on in about 37 different African countries. This means they are controlling more than 1 Trillion worth of resources!
Their concessions cover a staggering 1.03 million square kilometers of African land.
The British government is also heavily involved in the new Scramble for Africa. It argues that Africa should continue staying the primary resource provider and supports African regimes which enable the access to resources for foreign companies. It also works to prevent regularities and protection barriers for commodity trade. This results in African governments holding only minority shares of mining companies and if they do it’s only 5-20%. Additionally, one quart of these British companies is operating in tax havens and many more are given tax incentives, so African governments and more importantly the people are losing billions of tax revenues every year!

However, the worst effect of this new colonial invasion is the violation of human rights, and the social and environmental exploitation. Working condition and environmental regulation naturally enforced in the UK, are completely ignored from a lot of British companies operating in Africa! Harmful acids and insufficient safety equipment are often used to extract minerals. This results in the killing of plant life and severe health issues for the African population.
For example, in Zambia Thousands of people were polluted by contaminated water and many are still affected today by kidney and liver issues as well as miscarriages. Other practices are forced resettlements with empty promises of building new homes, labor rights violations like loan cuts and even the involvement in killings: In South Africa, 34 people were killed during a strike by the police. A transcript of a meeting between the Lonmin company and the police showed how much the police was pressured by Lonmin to end the strike.
These facts barely make the mainstream news, that’s why we give them room here today, for Black History Month. To end this article with another quote: 

Not everything that is faced can be changed. But nothing can be changed until it is faced. James Baldwin

This year’s Black History Month UK is working with Organ Donation UK  to raise awareness that there is still an urgent shortage of donors to help black patients who need lifesaving or life enhancing blood transfusions and organ transplants. Since I used to be in need of a kidney (you can follow my journey on needanukidney.org) I strongly support the cause!

In England 40,000 more black blood donors are needed to meet demand and there are also 632 black people waiting for a transplant. Show your support and register to become a regular blood donor or sign the Organ Donor Register.